Hyderabad is more than 400 years old. It is endowed with natural beauty such as hills, tanks, forests and rock formations that can captivate the hearts of the tourists along with the harmonious co-existence of diverse cultures - the Muslim-dominated old city where the Charminar is located and the Anglo-Indian community that is centered around Secunderabad, the modern twin city of Hyderabad known for its industrial growth and enterprise. Richly endowed with architectural legacies of the Medieval, Mughal, Colonial and Indo-Saracenic period and sporting latest sleek and elegant glass and chrome skyscrapers and commercial centers, Hyderabad was founded by the fifth Quli Qutub Shahi ruler, Mohammad. The original city spread had Charminar at its center. The city had been the capital of the famous Nizams of the Asaf Jah dynasty until it went over to British.
The twin city Secunderabad was founded in 1798 by Nizam Sikander Jah
and later merged with Hyderabad. The minarets of Hyderabad are almost as
famous as the pearl market and the artisans of the city that are skilled
in piercing and stringing pearls with precision and delicacy. Hyderabad
is famous all over the world for its pearls and also the colorfully
attired gypsy tribes called 'Lambadas' and 'Banjaras' that mostly make
their living by performing dances and other acrobatic tricks for
entertaining the tourists or shooting for Bollywood movies. The city is
also known as the second Silicon Valley of India after Bangalore because
of its Software Technology Park housing giant IT industries such as TCS,
Wipro, Baan and Satyam. The unique and delicious piquant Hyderabadi
cuisine includes inspired vegetarian Muslim dishes that use coconut,
tamarind, peanuts and sesame seeds as their flavors and chilli as the
key spice. 'Gosht', meat of a baby male goat, is one of the most popular
dish here and is cooked in literally hundreds of ways.
Hyderabad's Prime Attractions
The central point of old Hyderabad, Charminar was built by Mohammad
Quli Qutub Shah in 1591 to commemorate the eradication of plague from
Mecca Masjid can accommodate 10,000 devotees at a time and is one of
the largest mosques in India and the biggest in Hyderabad. It was
started during the reign of Sultan Muhammad Qutub Shah, continued to be
built up during the reigns of Abdullah Qutub Shah and Abul Hassan Tana
Shah and finally got completed in 1694 by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
The phenomenal daunting Golconda fort is more than 400 years old and is
situated on the outskirts of Hyderabad city.
Salar Jung Museum:
Hyderabad presents the largest collection of antiques in the world that
is property of just one man! Salar Jung Museum exhibits over 35,000
artifacts such as Chinese Porcelain; Aurangazeb's Sword; Noorjehan's,
Jehangir's and Shah Jahan's daggers; Sculpture including the translucent
white marble statue known as Veiled Rebecca, a masterpiece by Bezzoni;
Indian paintings and Persian carpets. The most loved sections of the
museum are the the Arms section, the Jade section and the Oriental
Hussain Sagar Lake:
Built by Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah in 1562 in the honor of Hussain Shah
Wali, the man who cured him of his illness, Hussain Sagar Lake forms a
link between the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad. The other
name of the lake known as Tank Bund belongs to the time, when the area
served as the cantonment area of Secunderabad.
The oldest mosque of Hyderabad, Jama Masjid was built by Muhammad Quli
Qutub Shah in 1597.
St. Joseph's Cathedral:
Most beautiful Cathedral of Hyderabad dedicated to Saint Joseph, it is
situated in the Gun foundry area.
Built by the Birla family, this modern massive temple, made up of
Rajasthani marble, is situated on the shores of Hussain Sagar Lake on
the 'Kala Pahad', the twin hillock of 'Naubat Pahad'. The temple is
dedicated to Lord Venkateshwara.
Atop the Naubat Pahad is the beautiful dome-shaped edifice of the Birla
Planetarium. Late Mr. N.T. Rama Rao inaugurated it on 8th September,
Falaknuma Palace (Star of Heaven):
The fabulous and gorgeous palace built by Nawab Vikar-ul-Umra Bahadur
stands atop a 650 m high hill and is quite unique in conception.
Hi-Tech City on the outskirts of the city is the hub of IT industries
and Software companies.
The Mughal building in 1916 looks quite stunning and is made up of
local pink granite and red sandstone. Vincent Esch, the British
architect who designed the building richly endowed it with carved panels
and columns and has been estimated at a cost of 2 million rupees.
Qutub Shahi Tombs:
The domed structures with a square base and pointed arches all around
are the tombs of the Qutub Shahi. The casket visible in the center of
each tomb is actually an imitation of the real burial vault in a crypt
below. The few reminiscent hints us that these domes were once overlaid
with blue and green tiles.
The tombs of Paigah nobles at Santoshnagar belong to the relatives of
Nizams and are more than 200 years old. Their uniqueness lies in their
lime and mortar construction, beautiful carvings and the marble inlay
work on them.
Chote Hazrat Ki Dargah:
Housed Devan Devadi, it was built by Asif Jahi rulers in the memory of
Hazrat Ali, the son-in-law of prophet Muhammad. The majesty of the
Dargah is enhanced by its row of arches and 400 stairs that leads up to
the main Hall of Worship.
A close friend of Nizam and a French mercenary Michel Raymond was
buried in Saroornagar in east Hyderabad. The 7 m high black marble tomb
has initials 'JR' on it and an annual commemorative 'Urs' fair is held
Sanjeevaiah Park has been named after the former President of India,
Mr. Neelam Sanjeev Reddy. It is situated on the shores of the Hussain
Sagar Lake and is a recreation center featuring a rose garden, rock
garden and a floral clock.
Nehru Zoological Park:
Sporting over 250 species of fauna, this is one of the biggest zoos in
Asia and features the lion safari park, pre-historical animals park,
natural history museum, nocturnal birds and children's park with a toy
Hyderabad City Facts
This city guide presents all the information related to the travel and tourism of Hyderabad, the second Silicon Valley of India.
|Location:||Situated in Andhra Pradesh, India.|
|Climate:||Hot steppe climate is distinctive of Hyderabad. The best season to visit the city is November to February. The monsoon season is to be avoided as Hyderabad receives heavy rainfalls and is warm and humid during the season.|
How to Reach:
|By Air:||Well connected with flights to Bangalore, Bhubaneshwar, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Nagpur and Vishakhapatnam, Hyderabad also has an international airport.|
|By Train:||Hyderabad is connected by railways to Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and other major cities in Andhra Pradesh and India.|
|By Road:||Excellent roads including National Highways 7 and 9 and bus services and connect Hyderabad to all the major cities in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and the surrounding states.|